The Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recently issued an updated interim enforcement response planfor dealing with workplace investigations during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, OSHA released revised enforcement guidance for recording cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). These two requirements go into effect on May 26thand replace the previous interim enforcement response planand recordkeeping guidance, respectively, on that date. Finally, OSHA also released an alert on COVID-19 Guidance for Nursing Home and Long-Term Care Workers.
Regarding OSHA COVID-19 enforcement, the updated interim COVID-19 enforcement response plan acknowledges that states have started reopening and non-essential business workers are returning to the workplace, resulting in OSHA complaints. The updated guidance takes into account these changes by outlining a complaint, referral and, rapid response investigation process for areas where COVID-19 has significantly decreased (normal procedures) and for high-risk workplaces/areas with sustained elevated community transmission or a resurgence in transmission. For high-risk areas, OSHA will prioritize inspections for fatalities and imminent danger exposures. If an onsite inspection is not allowable due to insufficient resources, the investigation will be initiated remotely.
For recordkeeping, OSHA did not change the requirement outlined in the previous guidance on April 10 for employers to report confirmed cases of COVID-19 as a recordable illness so long as the case is work related and results in days away from work, restricted work, or death. The guidance reminds employers that recording a COVID-19 illness does not, of itself, mean that the employer has violated any OSHA standard.
The new enforcement guidance outlines what will be considered when determining whether an employer has complied with this recordkeeping obligation and made a reasonable interpretation of work relatedness. Those considerations for determining compliance include:
- The reasonableness of the employer's investigation into work-relatedness.
- The evidence available to the employer.
- The evidence that a COVID-19 illness was contracted at work.
The OSHA alert with guidance for nursing homes and long-term care facility workers is consistent with directives from CMS and the CDC. The guidance does, however, specifically recommend employees maintain at least six feet from others to the extent possible, to stagger break periods to avoid crowding in break rooms. and to encourage workers to report any health or safety concerns.