Site Security Evaluation Guide

Corporate Partners | September 22, 2014 | by Aon

An in-depth risk assessment and analysis are the first steps in effective site security planning. The assessment is a systematic effort to identify potential threats and what assets need to be protected. Determining the likelihood and consequence severity helps prioritize the appropriate protective actions.

This site security evaluation guide developed by Zurich and provided by Aon Affinity offers guidance in assessing security at a fixed site. Additional sections for transportation and cargo security and satellite facilities can be added to expand the scope of this guide. 

An in-depth risk assessment and analysis are the first steps in effective site security planning. 

The assessment is a systematic effort to identify potential threats and what assets need to be protected. Determining the likelihood and consequence severity helps prioritize the appropriate protective actions. 

Although security needs are unique for each organization, identifying assets that need to be protected will determine the proper level of security.

Also, sites with hazardous materials and processes will require special protection and security considerations. For an enterprise, people, property and information are tangible assets that need to be protected. Intangible assets, such as goodwill and branding, are also critical. 

In addition to protection of assets, legal, regulatory and liability considerations are other important issues in site security planning. 

People assets include employees, visitors, contractors, the surrounding community and others associated with the business operation. Property assets range from building, machinery, and utilities to operations, equipment and systems. 

Informational assets are computer systems, processes and confidential business information, such as trade secrets and other proprietary information. 

Risk assessment should identify and target vulnerable assets in each of these categories. Identifying and evaluating vulnerability requires careful assessment of many risk factors and potential threats. 

As an example, these threats range from the routine threats of break-ins and thefts to the previously overlooked threats of terrorism, espionage and sabotage. Threats that were inconceivable in the past are now being considered possible.

This site security evaluation guide provides guidance in assessing security at a fixed site. Additional sections for transportation and cargo security and satellite facilities can be added to expand the scope of this guide. 

This tool is neither a comprehensive security guide nor a prescriptive tool for security planning. It only attempts to point out various factors essential in security planning. Professional assistance should be obtained for situations involving unusual security threats.