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The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued Reporting Reasonable Suspicion of a Crime in a Long-Term Care Facility (LTC): Section 1150B of the Social Security Act, guidance on the reporting of a suspicion of a crime in long term care facilities required under Section 1150B of the Social Security Act.
This section was established under the Elder Justice Act (EJA), Section 6703 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA). It is the first federal attempt to prevent and prosecute crimes against nursing home residents.
Facilities Covered Under the Elder Justice Act
The EJA provisions apply to the following long term care providers that received at least $10,000 in federal funds in the previous year:
Responsibilities of Facilities Under the Elder Justice Act
There are 3 responsibilities for long-term care providers under the EJA:
Reporting Responsibilities of Covered Individuals
Under Section 1150B(a)(3), the “covered individuals” that have reporting obligations under the EJA are owners, operators, employees, managers, agents and contractors of long-term care facilities.
Covered individuals must report any reasonable suspicion of a crime against facility residents or individuals receiving care at the facility. Reports must be made to the state survey agency and to one or more local law enforcement entities.
There are 2 reporting timeframes depending on whether the resident suffers serious bodily injury. Serious bodily injury is defined as an injury involving extreme physical pain; involving substantial risk of death; involving protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty; or requiring medical intervention such as surgery, hospitalization, or physical rehabilitation. If the resident suffers serious bodily injury, it must be reported within two hours of the event. If there is no serious bodily injury, then a report must be filed within 24 hours of the event.
Penalties for an individual’s failure to report can result in a fine up to $200,000 and more importantly, exclusion from participation in federal health care programs. When a violation exacerbates harm to the crime victim or harms another person, the fine can increase to $300,000.
The EJA provides that a “crime” is defined by the law of the applicable political subdivision in which the facility is situated. Thus, crimes are defined by local and state laws.
CMS Advisable Functions
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) advises that a facility that effectively complies with the Elder Justice Act provisions in section 1150B should do the following:
LeadingAge hosted an audio conference on this issue in August of 2011. To access the recording go to our Knowledge Center.