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The assisted living field has experienced dramatic growth over the past 3 year, according to Assisted Living and Residential Care in the States in 2010, a new report from AARP. The report profiles assisted living communities and residents using data that 49 states and the District of Columbia provided to the AARP Public Policy Institute.
All told, states provided 51,367 licensed residential care settings in 2010. Those settings had a total capacity of 1.2 million beds that year, up from 1 million beds in 2007. The nation supplied 31 assisted living units per 1,000 residents over age 65 in 2010. Seventeen states exceeded the national average and 33 states reported units per 1,000 residents that were below that average. One state (Connecticut) did not respond to the survey.Among the 5 highest performing states, Minnesota offered the most assisted living units (78 units) per 1,000 older state residents, followed by:
The District of Columbia had the fewest number of assisted living units per 1,000 residents over age 65 (7 units). Also included among the 5 lowest performing states were:
In their early years, assisted living communities often asked 2 or more residents to share a bedroom and 8 to 10 residents to share a bathroom. However, market forces, consumer preferences and some state regulations have brought increased privacy to assisted living communities. As a result, only about 3% of units were occupied by 2 unrelated individuals in 2009.
Assisted living communities come in all sizes. Small and medium facilities of 4 to 25 units dominate the market but serve a relatively small percentage of assisted living residents. In 2010:
Most assisted living communities are privately owned by for-profit owners. In 2010:
The typical assisted living resident is female (70%), age 85 and older (54%), and receiving assistance with activities of daily living (74%). In 2010: